The Russian Space Forces are a branch of the Russian Aerospace Forces, that provides aerospace warning, air sovereignty, and protection for Russia. Having been reestablished following August 1, 2015 merger between the Russian Air Force and the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces after a 2011 dissolving of the branch. The Russian Space Forces were originally formed on August 10, 1992 and the creation of the Russian Armed Forces.
Note: Payload identity and Cosmos series number uncertain. The Razdan satellite is reportedly a new electro-optical reconnaissance satellite designed as a successor to the Persona (Kvarts) satellites. Reportedly Razdan will feature a significant improvement over the capabilities of its predecessors, including a new high-speed secure radio channel. Razdan features a LOMO-built optical system. The third satellite will be the first to carry a new 2 meter mirror optics that will be built by the Zverev factory in Krasnogorsk.