Soyuz | Soyuz 9

Soyuz | Soyuz 9

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Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Soyuz 9 carried cosmonauts Andrian Nikolayev & Vitali Sevastyanov to orbit. The mission lasted 17 days, 16 hours & 58 minutes completing 288 orbits around Earth. They broke the endurance record held by Gemini 7 for 5 years. This was the first crewed space launch that lifted off at night. As of 2016 it still holds the record for longest crewed flight by a solo spacecraft. The goal of the mission was to conduct various pysiological and biomedical experiments on themselves and invastigate possible social implications of extended duration spaceflight.

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Trajectory

Soviet Space Program

The Soviet space program, was the national space program of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) actived from 1930s until disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Soviet Union's space program was mainly based on the cosmonautic exploration of space and the development of the expandable launch vehicles, which had been split between many design bureaus competing against each other. Over its 60-years of history, the Russian program was responsible for a number of pioneering feats and accomplishments in the human space flight, including the first intercontinental ballistic missile (R-7), first satellite (Sputnik 1), first animal in Earth orbit (the dog Laika on Sputnik 2), first human in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1), first woman in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova on Vostok 6), first spacewalk (cosmonaut Alexei Leonov on Voskhod 2), first Moon impact (Luna 2), first image of the far side of the Moon (Luna 3) and unmanned lunar soft landing (Luna 9), first space rover (Lunokhod 1), first sample of lunar soil automatically extracted and brought to Earth (Luna 16), and first space station (Salyut 1). Further notable records included the first interplanetary probes: Venera 1 and Mars 1 to fly by Venus and Mars, respectively, Venera 3 and Mars 2 to impact the respective planet surface, and Venera 7 and Mars 3 to make soft landings on these planets.

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Soyuz 9


Serial Soyuz 7K-OK 11F615 #17

Launch Crew Count 2

Status Single Use

Landing Time 1970-06-19T11:58:55+0000


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Crew

Andriyan Nikolayev

Commander

Nationality Russian

Date Of Birth 1929-09-05

Deceased 2004-07-03

Status Deceased

Type Government


Vitaly Sevastyanov

Flight Engineer

Nationality Russian

Date Of Birth 1935-07-08

Deceased 2010-04-05

Status Deceased

Type Government


Soyuz


Height 0.00 Meters

Max Stages 0

Mass To GTO 0 kg

Liftoff Thrust 0 kN

Diameter 0.00 Meters

Mass To LEO 0 kg

Liftoff Mass 0 Tonnes


Launch Success 30

Consecutive Success 3

Maiden Flight Unknown

Launch Failures 2


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