The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.
Soyuz TM-30 was the 39th mission and the 28th long-duration expedition to Mir space station. It was the final human spaceflight to Mir. The mission began on April 4, 2000, 05:01:29 UTC, launching Commander Sergei Zalyotin and Flight Engineer Aleksandr Kaleri into orbit. They docked with Mir two days later. During their stay there, cosmonauts performed an EVA and various maintenance and repair tasks. Station crew was visited by several Progress resupply spacecrafts. The mission was privately funded by MirCorp company, which planned to refurbish and privatize the aging Mir space station, however insufficient funding and investment made these plans impossible to come true. The mission concluded with a safe landing back on Earth on June 16, 2000, 00:44 UTC.
The Soyuz programme is a human spaceflight programme initiated by the Soviet Union in the early 1960s. The Soyuz spacecraft was originally part of a Moon landing project intended to put a Soviet cosmonaut on the Moon. It was the third Soviet human spaceflight programme after the Vostok and Voskhod programmes.