Soyuz-U2 | Soyuz TM-20

Soyuz-U2 | Soyuz TM-20

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Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

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Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.

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Soyuz TM-20

Soyuz TM-20 was the 20th mission and the 17th long-duration expedition to Mir space station. The mission began on October 3, 1994, 22:42:30 UTC, launching Commander Alexander Viktorenko, Flight Engineer Yelena Kondakova and Research Cosmonaut Ulf Merbold into orbit. They docked with Mir two days later. During their stay there, cosmonauts performed two EVAs, carried out various scientific experiments. Station crew was visited by several Progress resupply spacecrafts, and welcomed aboard the Soyuz TM-21 crew. During this mission the first rendezvous maneuver of the Space Shuttle STS-63 with the Mir space station was performed. The mission concluded with a safe landing back on Earth on March 22, 1995, 04:04:05 UTC.

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Soyuz TM-20


Serial Soyuz TM 11F732A51 #69

Launch Crew Count 3

Status Single Use

Landing Time 1995-03-22T04:04:00+0000


Wiki

Crew

Aleksandr Viktorenko

Commander

Nationality Russian

Date Of Birth 1947-03-29

Status Retired

Type Government


Ulf Merbold

Research Cosmonaut

Nationality German

Date Of Birth 1941-06-20

Status Retired

Type Government


Yelena Kondakova

Flight Engineer

Nationality Russian

Date Of Birth 1957-03-30

Status Retired

Type Government


Soyuz-U2


Height 34.54 Meters

Max Stages 2

Mass To GTO 0 kg

Liftoff Thrust 0 kN

Diameter 2.95 Meters

Mass To LEO 7050 kg

Liftoff Mass 298 Tonnes


Launch Success 71

Consecutive Success 71

Maiden Flight 1982-12-23

Launch Failures 0


Wiki

Programs

Soyuz

The Soyuz programme is a human spaceflight programme initiated by the Soviet Union in the early 1960s. The Soyuz spacecraft was originally part of a Moon landing project intended to put a Soviet cosmonaut on the Moon. It was the third Soviet human spaceflight programme after the Vostok and Voskhod programmes.

Mir

Mir was a space station that operated in low Earth orbit from 1986 to 2001, operated by the Soviet Union and later by Russia. Mir was the first modular space station and was assembled in orbit from 1986 to 1996.

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