NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy, Expedition 63 commander, will hand over the International Space Station command to ROSCOSMOS cosmonaut Sergey Ryzhikov who will become commander of Expedition 64.
The OSIRIS-REx is a NASA asteroid study and sample-return mission. The mission's main goal is to obtain a sample of at least 60 grams from 101955 Bennu, a carbonaceous near-Earth asteroid, and return the sample to Earth for a detailed analysis. Rehearsals will be performed before the sampling event, during which the solar arrays will be raised into a Y-shaped configuration to minimize the chance of dust accumulation during contact and provide more ground clearance in case the spacecraft tips over (up to 45°) during contact. The descent will be very slow to minimize thruster firings prior to contact in order to reduce the likelihood of asteroid surface contamination by unreacted hydrazine propellant. Contact with the surface of Bennu will be detected using accelerometers, and the impact force will be dissipated by a spring in the TAGSAM arm. Upon surface contact by the TAGSAM instrument, a burst of nitrogen gas will be released, which will blow regolith particles smaller than 2 cm (0.8 in) into the sampler head at the end of the robotic arm. A five-second timer will limit collection time to mitigate the chance of a collision. After the timer expires, the back-away maneuver will initiate a safe departure from the asteroid.
The Soyuz MS-16 spacecraft will undock from the International Space Station carrying three Expedition 62 crew members : ROSCOSMOS cosmonauts Anatoli Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner as well as NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy.
The core stage of the 'Space Launch System' will undergo a 'Green Run' test, where the stage and major components will be tested as a full stack to ensure safety of the vehicle. Part of the testing will involve a 8 minute 'Hot Fire' of the core stage, demonstrating performance similar to an actual launch.
When Hayabusa-2 flies past Earth in December 2020, it will release the capsule spinning at one revolution per three seconds. The capsule will re-enter the Earth's atmosphere at 12 km/s and it will deploy a radar-reflective parachute at an altitude of about 10 km, and eject its heat-shield, while transmitting a position beacon signal. The sample capsule will land at the Woomera Test Range in Australia.
NASA's Mars 2020 Perseverance rover will land in the Jezero crater using a MSL-inspired sky-crane. It will investigate an astrobiologically relevant ancient environment on Mars and investigate its surface geological processes and history, including the assessment of its past habitability, the possibility of past life on Mars, and the potential for preservation of biosignatures within accessible geological materials. It will cache sample containers along its route for a potential future Mars sample-return mission. It will also carry a helicopter drone.