The United States Air Force (USAF) is the air service branch of the United States Armed Forces, and is one of the eight uniformed services of the United States. Originally created on 1 August 1907, as a part of the United States Army Signal Corps, the USAF was established as a separate branch of the United States Armed Forces in 1947 with the enactment of the National Security Act of 1947.
ARGOS (Advanced Research & Global Observation Satellite) is a testbed and demonstration program for advanced remote sensing technologies for the US Air Force's Space Test Program (STP). ARGOS's primary objective is to fly and operate advanced payloads that include two technology demonstrations and seven experiment payloads for global and celestial observation. ARGOS also has a goal of three years of on orbit operations to demonstrate and collect science data for the Earth's global environment and top priority military space programs.