Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat-M | Gonets-M30, Gonets-M31, Gonets-M32

Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat-M | Gonets-M30, Gonets-M31, Gonets-M32

43/3 (43L)
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation

Gonets-M are an upgraded version of Gonets satellites, derived from military communications system Strela-3. Gonets-M constellation is tasked with monitoring ecological and industrial objects, providing communication and data transmission services, covering also the remote areas like the Far North region.













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Russian Space Forces

The Russian Space Forces are a branch of the Russian Aerospace Forces, that provides aerospace warning, air sovereignty, and protection for Russia. Having been reestablished following August 1, 2015 merger between the Russian Air Force and the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces after a 2011 dissolving of the branch. The Russian Space Forces were originally formed on August 10, 1992 and the creation of the Russian Armed Forces.


Soyuz 2.1B Fregat-M

Height 46.30 Meters

Max Stages 4

Mass To GTO 3250 kg

Liftoff Thrust 4150 kN

Diameter 10.30 Meters

Mass To LEO 8200 kg

Liftoff Mass 313 Tonnes

Launch Success 13

Consecutive Success 13

Maiden Flight 2008-07-26

Launch Failures 0


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