Soyuz

Soyuz


The Soyuz programme is a human spaceflight programme initiated by the Soviet Union in the early 1960s. The Soyuz spacecraft was originally part of a Moon landing project intended to put a Soviet cosmonaut on the Moon. It was the third Soviet human spaceflight programme after the Vostok and Voskhod programmes.


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Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.

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Soviet Space Program

The Soviet space program, was the national space program of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) actived from 1930s until disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Soviet Union's space program was mainly based on the cosmonautic exploration of space and the development of the expandable launch vehicles, which had been split between many design bureaus competing against each other. Over its 60-years of history, the Russian program was responsible for a number of pioneering feats and accomplishments in the human space flight, including the first intercontinental ballistic missile (R-7), first satellite (Sputnik 1), first animal in Earth orbit (the dog Laika on Sputnik 2), first human in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1), first woman in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova on Vostok 6), first spacewalk (cosmonaut Alexei Leonov on Voskhod 2), first Moon impact (Luna 2), first image of the far side of the Moon (Luna 3) and unmanned lunar soft landing (Luna 9), first space rover (Lunokhod 1), first sample of lunar soil automatically extracted and brought to Earth (Luna 16), and first space station (Salyut 1). Further notable records included the first interplanetary probes: Venera 1 and Mars 1 to fly by Venus and Mars, respectively, Venera 3 and Mars 2 to impact the respective planet surface, and Venera 7 and Mars 3 to make soft landings on these planets.

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Related Launches

Soyuz 2.1a | Soyuz MS-18

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Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)
31/6
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Soyuz 2.1a | Soyuz MS-19

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Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)
31/6

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Related Events

Soyuz MS-16 Undocking

2020-10-21T23:32:00+0000

The Soyuz MS-16 spacecraft will undock from the International Space Station carrying three Expedition 62 crew members : ROSCOSMOS cosmonauts Anatoli Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner as well as NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy.

Soyuz MS-16 Landing

2020-10-22T02:57:00+0000

The Soyuz MS-16 spacecraft carrying ROSCOSMOS cosmonauts Anatoli Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner as well as NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy will land back on Earth near Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan.

Soyuz MS-17 Relocation

2021-03-19T16:15:00+0000

The Soyuz MS-17 spacecraft will be relocated from the Rassvet module to the Poisk module. Undocking scheduled at 16:43 UTC, redocking scheduled at 17:13 UTC.

Soyuz MS-18 Docking

2021-04-09T11:07:00+0000

The Soyuz MS-18 spacecraft will dock to the International Space Station carrying three new Expedition 65 crew members : ROSCOSMOS cosmonauts Oleg Novitsky and Pyotr Dubrov as well as NASA astronaut Mark Vande Hei.

Soyuz MS-17 Undocking

2021-04-17T01:33:00+0000

The Soyuz MS-17 spacecraft will undock from the International Space Station carrying Expedition 64 crew members ROSCOSMOS cosmonauts Sergey Ryzhikov and Sergey Kud-Sverchkov as well as NASA astronaut Kathleen Rubins.

Soyuz MS-17 Landing

2021-04-17T04:56:00+0000

The Soyuz MS-17 spacecraft carrying ROSCOSMOS cosmonauts Sergey Ryzhikov and Sergey Kud-Sverchkov as well as NASA astronaut Kathleen Rubins will land back on Earth near Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan.

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